Miami Vice Font' title='Miami Vice Font' />Of Pence and Peyton The NFL Rage Continues. Did anyone relay to the vice president that the Colts won the football game In overtime And they honored the great Colts legend Peyton Manning at halftime. It was quite the afternoon in Indianapolis. The vice president, however, opted to leave it. The finger Wikipedia. In Western culture, the finger or the middle finger as in giving someone the middle finger or the bird1 or flipping someone off1 is an obscene hand gesture. The gesture communicates moderate to extreme contempt, and is roughly equivalent in meaning to fuck off, fuck you, shove it up your ass, up yours, or go fuck yourself. It is performed by showing the back of a hand that has only the middle finger extended upwards, though in some locales, the thumb is extended. Extending the finger is considered a symbol of contempt in several cultures, especially in the West. Many cultures use similar gestures to display their disrespect, although others use it to express pointing without intentional disrespect toward other cultures. The gesture is usually used to express contempt but can also be used humorously or playfully. The gesture dates back to Ancient Greece and it was also used in Ancient Rome. Historically, it represented the phallus. People cant talk about this case without referring to Kafka. It is, indeed, Kafkaesque a nightmare of injustice. Laughable, they also say. The case would be. In some modern cultures, it has gained increasing recognition as a sign of disrespect, and has been used by music artists notably more common among hardcore punk bands and rappers, actors, celebrities, athletes, and politicians. Most still view the gesture as obscene. The index finger and ring finger besides the middle finger in more contemporary periods has been likened to represent the testicles. Classical eraeditThe middle finger gesture was used in Ancient times as a symbol of sexual intercourse, in a manner meant to degrade, intimidate and threaten the individual receiving the gesture. It also represented the phallus, with the fingers next to the middle finger representing testicles 5 from its close association, the gesture may have assumed apotropaic potency. In the 1st century Mediterranean world, extending the finger was one of many methods used to divert the ever present threat of the evil eye. In Greek the gesture was known as the katapygon89, from kata, downwards1. Indiana 1969 passenger issue. Beginning in 1963 and running to the present, Indiana passenger plates are issued in a 12A3456 format, with the prefix number indicating. In ancient Greek comedy, the finger was a gesture of insult toward another person, with the term katapugon also referring to a male who submits to anal penetration1. In Aristophaness comedy The Clouds 4. BC,1. 4 when the character Socrates is quizzing his student on poetic meters, Strepsiades declares that he knows quite well what a dactyl is, and gives the finger. The gesture is a visual pun on the two meanings of the Greek word dactylos, both finger and the rhythmic measure composed of a long syllable and two short, like the joints of a finger , which also appears as a visual pun on the penis and testicles in a medieval Latin text1. Socrates reacts to the gesture as boorish and childish. The gesture recurs as a form of mockery in Peace, alongside farting in someones face 1. Suda and included in the Adagia of Erasmus. The verb to play the Siphnian appears in a fragment of Aristophanes and has a similar meaning 2. Suda, where it is said to mean to touch the anus with a finger. Diogenes Lartius records how the Cynic philosopher. Diogenes of Sinope directed the gesture at the orator Demosthenes in 4th century BC Athens. In the Discourses of Epictetus, Diogeness target is instead one of the sophists. In Latin, the middle finger was the digitus impudicus, meaning the shameless, indecent or offensive finger. In the 1st century AD, Persius had superstitious female relatives concoct a charm with the infamous finger digitus infamis and purifying spit 2. Satyricon, an old woman uses dust, spit and her middle finger to mark the forehead before casting a spell. The poet Martial has a character in good health extend the indecent one toward three doctors. In another epigram, Martial wrote Laugh loud, Sextillus, at whoever calls you a cinaedus and extend your middle finger. Juvenal, through synecdoche, has the middle nail cocked at threatening Fortuna. The indecent finger features again in a mocking context in the Priapeia, a collection of poems relating to the phallic god Priapus. In Late Antiquity, the term shameless finger is explained in the Etymologiae of Isidore of Seville with reference to its frequent use when accusing someone of a shameful action. Baseball pitcher Old Hoss Radbourn pictured giving the finger to cameraman, 1. Back row, far left. First known photograph of the gesture. Modern eraeditLinguist Jesse Sheidlower traces the gestures development in the United States to the 1. According to anthropologist Desmond Morris, the gesture probably came to the United States via Italian immigrants. The first documented appearance of the finger in the United States was in 1. Old Hoss Radbourn, a baseballpitcher for the Boston Beaneaters, was photographed giving it to a member of their rival the New York Giants. In the film Speedy 1. Harold Lloyds character gives himself the finger into a distorting mirror at Luna Park, about 2. Cultural impacteditPolitics and military incidentseditThe gesture has been involved in notable political events. During the USS Pueblo incident, in which an American ship was captured by North Korea, the captured American crewmembers often discreetly gave the finger in staged photo ops, thus ruining the North Koreans efforts at propaganda. The North Koreans, ignorant of what the gesture meant, were at first told by the prisoners that it was a Hawaiian good luck sign, similar to the shaka. When the guards finally figured things out, the crewmembers were subjected to more severe mistreatment. Abbie Hoffman used the gesture at the 1. Democratic National Convention. Ronald Reagan, while serving as the Governor of California, gave the middle finger to counterculture protestors in Berkeley, California. Nelson Rockefeller, then the Vice President of the United States, directed the gesture to hecklers at a 1. Binghamton, New York, leading it to be called the Rockefeller gesture. Sketchup 2D Tools Install. Pierre Trudeau, then the Prime Minister of Canada, gave the finger to protesters in Salmon Arm, British Columbia,3. Salmon Arm salute. The gesture itself has also been nicknamed the Trudeau salute. Former president George W. Bush gave the finger to the camera at an Austin production facility during his term as governor of Texas, saying it was just a one finger victory salute. Anthony Weiner gave the finger to reporters after leaving his election headquarters the night he lost the 2. Mayor of New York City. During World War II, the 9. Bombardment Group of the United States Army Air Forces referred to the gesture as the rigid digit salute. It was used in a more jocular manner, to suggest an airman had committed an error or infraction the term was a reference to British slang terms for inattentiveness i. The order of the rigid digit continued after the war as a series of awards presented by the veterans association of the 9. In 2. 00. 5 during the war in Iraq, Gunnery Sergeant Michael Burghardt gained prominence when the Omaha World Herald published a photo of Burghardt making the gesture towards Iraqi insurgents he believed to be watching after an improvised explosive device failed to kill him. The middle finger has been involved in judicial hearings. An appellate court in Hartford, Connecticut ruled in 1. The case was appealed to the Connecticut Supreme Court,4. In March 2. 00. 6, a federal lawsuit was filed regarding the free speech issue.